Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife




Evening Telegram (Portland) 7/26/1906

Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife


Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 7/27/1906 p3

Withdraws Complaint

Hartley withdraws Suit for Divorce and Craze is Rapidly Dying Out.


[Telegram Coast Special.]


CORVALLIS, Or., July 26.-- With Creffield forever out of the way, his followers in this vicinity are rapidly recovering from his influence. During his former incarceration in the penitentiary families were reunited, and the same conditions are now prevailing. Lewis Hartley, who sued for divorce at the last term of court here, has withdrawn his complaint and has become reconciled to his wife and daughter, who left him to follow Joshua to Waldport. This is believed here to be the first step toward effacing Holy Rollerism from the minds and hearts of its former followers.



Seattle Daily Times 7/26/1906 p11

Army Has Moved to Seattle

Salvation Headquarters Transferred to This City From Portland by Order of Commissioner Kilbey.


Under special orders issued by Commissioner Kilbey, of Chicago, commanding the Salvation Army for the Pacific Coast, the headquarters for the Northern Pacific province, consisting of the sates of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming and Montana have been transferred from Portland to this city. Five staff officers and their wives are affected in the orders directly while in a large way the work of the army in the states mentioned will naturally be reorganized because of the change.


Brigadier and Mrs. Frank Waite; Adjutant and Mrs. Lumby; Ensign A. Purcel Storey; Captains Elizabeth Harris and Eva Jenkins, and a force of bookkeepers and stenographers have removed from Portland to this city as a result of the change in headquarters. The officers have secured a suite of offices in the Globe building.


Sunday evening the officers will be given a welcome at the army hall at Fifth and Washington. There will be three meetings, morning, afternoon and evening, conducted by Brigadier Jenkins and his assistants.



Seattle Post Intelligencer 7/27/1906

Headquarters of Province Here

Salvation Army Moves Principal Northwest Station to Seattle

Comes From Portland.

The work in Five States Is to Be Directed From The New Office.


Seattle is now headquarters for the Northern Pacific Province of the Salvation Army, which comprises the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. This places Seattle in the same rank as San Francisco, headquarters for the Southern Pacific Province of the army.


Heretofore the principal offices of the province were located in Portland, but after due consideration the head officers of the organization decided upon Seattle as the most advantageous point both from a transportation and business standpoint.


Brigadier and Mrs. W. F. Jenkins are in command of the province and have opened offices in the Globe building.


The following officers comprise the staff of the brigadier:

Major and Mrs. Frank Waite, general secretaries; Adjutant and Mrs. Walter Lumby, secretaries for special effort work; Ensign and Mrs. A. P. Storey, secretaries for young people’s work; Captains Elizabeth Harris and Eva Jenkins, stenographers and bookkeepers.


Special welcoming services will be held at Fifth Avenue and Washington Street throughout Sunday morning, afternoon and evening.


(Photo of “Brigadier W. F. Jenkins.”)

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